African American History: The Montgomery County Story

Originally published quarterly and now biannually by Montgomery History, The Montgomery County Story is a scholarly journal of research focusing on the history of the people, places, events, and organizations in Montgomery County, Maryland.

Below is a list of Story articles that describe aspects of the African American experience throughout Montgomery County’s history, including research and information on enslavement, free black and post-Civil War communities, education, religion, and more. Click on the title of any article to view or download the PDF.


NEW! July 2020: Volume 63, Number 1 of the Montgomery County Story, by Librarian/Archivist Sarah Hedlund, featuring the history of the two 1880 lynchings in Montgomery County: George Peck and John Diggs-Dorsey.


15-5 November 1972:
Maryland Methodism and the Jerusalem United Methodist Church, Rockville, Maryland, c.
1780-1915, by Eileen McGuckian. Early trustees and preachers; circuit riders; slavery; Methodist
Church discipline & schism; names of African-American families


February 1975:
’Uncle Tom,’ in Montgomery County, Part I, by Mrs. Neal Fitzsimons. Rev. Josiah Henson’s
memoirs; biography of Harriet Beecher Stowe; Isaac Riley; Adam Robb; abolitionist movement;
Brice Letton.


18-2 May 1975:
’Uncle Tom’ in Montgomery County, Part II, by Mrs. Neal Fitzsimons. Includes extracts from
Josiah Henson’s memoirs; Uncle Tom’s Cabin in Ontario and on Old Georgetown Road,
Montgomery County.


23-2 May 1980:
Noah Edward Clarke, Crusader for Black Education, by Nina Honemond Clarke. Free black
settlements; early life; Clarke’s musical ability, education, marriage and family.


24-2 May 1981:
Richard Montgomery High School, by E. Guy Jewell. Lincoln High school; African-American
education; Manual training school 1901; public schools; Governor Warfield; fairgrounds;
Rockville Athletic Association; athletics interschool.


27-3 August 1984:
A Survey of Slave Housing in Montgomery County, by Mark Walston. Slavery, population 1790 through 1860; The Ridge; Beall-Dawson House; Susanna Farm near Dawsonville; Needwood
Mansion; Edgehill; Oakley near Brookeville; Darnall farm; Frederick Poole Farm near Poolesville;
Riverview near Seneca; Mount Carmel; East Oaks; Annington.


31-1 February 1988:
Emory Grove, A Black Community of Yesteryear. Camp meetings; Washington Grove; United
Methodist Church; African American post-Civil War population; early education opportunities;
Supreme Court Decision of 1954; Early African American families: Duvall, Dorsey, Lancaster,
Frazier; Church music; Emory Grove Road; Edward Ulysses Taylor; Rosenwald Schools; Edith Throckmorton; Longview Elementary School; Proprietors of small businesses; Johnson Tavern;
Post World War II opportunities; First night Baseball.


32-1 February 1989:
Haiti, A Historic Black Community, by Eileen McGuckian. Samuel Martin and Martins Lane; the
Beall family; slavery; Alfred Ross family; Beall estate in Rockville.


35-1 February 1992:
Black Builders in Montgomery County 1865-1940, by Eileen McGuckian. African American
Communities: Big Woods, Dickerson, Mt. Ephraim at Sugarloaf Mountain, Sandy Spring and Haiti
in Rockville. Alfred Ross house; Martin’s Lane; Beall slaves; Reuben Hill house; Kleindienst Hotel;
Jerusalem Church; A.M.E. Churches; Scotland A.M.E. Church; John Wesley Methodist Episcopal
Church; Clarksburg; Sharp Street School.


37-2 May 1994:
Apprentice and Master in Montgomery County 1779 to 1840, by Eleanor M.V. Cook. Three types
of bondage: apprentices, indentured servants and slavery; records of orphans’ court;
apprenticeship trades.


38-1 February 1995:
The Underground Railroad in Montgomery County, by Anthony M. Cohen. Montgomery County slaves were aided in their escape to freedom through various routes by county abolitionists. Sandy Spring Quakers and residents provided one safe haven.


41-3 August 1998:
Crimes in Montgomery County, by Emily Clare Newby Correll. Early punishments included
whipping; hanging of William Vermillion for horse stealing; racial issues, lynching of George Peck,
rape of Lily Tschiffely; bank robbery in Sandy Spring; Guy Vernon Thompson’s hanging for James
Bolton’s murder; Chevy Chase Car Barn Murders.


43-2 May 2000:
The Resurrection of ‘Scotland,’ by Harvey A. Levine. The struggle to preserve a black community as it is surrounded by suburban development.


44-1 February 2001:
A New Look At Early Rockville and Its People, by Eleanor M.V. Cook. Freed slaves; taverns and early development; Arthur Nelson; Williams family; Leonard Davis; Honore Martin; Adam Robb;
land tracts: Exchange and New Exchange Enlarged, Young Mans Delight.


45-1 February 2002:
The Four Beall Women and Their Slaves, by Eleanor M.V. Cook. Upton Beall, Beall family; Robb
family; Rockville; Beallmont; Beall-Dawson House; slavery; slaves: John Henson, Hatton, Talbott,
Plowden and Powell families; Glenwood, Wheel of Fortune, Walnut Hill, Prevention; Civil War;
slave compensation; Dawson family.


47-2 May 2004:
Yarrow Mamout, by James H. Johnson. Two portraits exist, one done locally in Georgetown by
James Alexander Simpson and one by Charles Willson Peale. He was an African Muslim,
manumitted slave of the Beall family, who owned stock in Columbia Bank.


49-1 February 2006:
The Underground Railroad in Montgomery County: Recent Finds and Revelations, by Anthony M. Cohen. Ann Maria Weems; Wilbur Siebert; Allan Farquhar; Elizabeth Bentley Moore; John Needles.


53-1 Spring 2010 (double issue):
Sugarland’s Story, by Gwen Reese and Suzanne Johnson. Recounts the history of Sugarland, an
African American community established in 1871 near Poolesville. Discusses founding of the
community church and school, as well the history of individual residents, families, and events.


54-1 Summer 2011 (double issue):
African Americans in Montgomery County During the Civil War, by Susan Soderberg. Provides a brief history of African Americans in the county, both enslaved and free, the impact of the Civil War upon them, and the contributions they made to the war.


55-1 Summer 2012 (double issue):
From Little League to the Big League: The Takoma Tigers by Eileen McGuckian. An examination of Takoma Park’s baseball team, specifically its integration and the parallels to the integration of the public schools. Key players and coaches are also discussed.


57- 2 Winter 2015: Momentous events of 1864 (1864 Sesquicentennial Issue)
Emancipation in Montgomery County, Maryland by Eileen McGuckian. On November 1, 1864, Maryland became the first state below the Mason-Dixon Line to free slaves within its boundaries by popular vote. These experiences – slavery and manumission, war and politics, creating a new state constitution, emancipation of more than 5,000 local slaves, and its aftermath – played out in extraordinary ways in Montgomery County. 


58-2 Fall 2015:
A Century of One- and Two-Room Schools: Teaching Yet Today, by Ralph Buglass. A historic
overview and analysis of early public school buildings, how they survived and how they are used
today. Including schools for African-Americans.


59-1 Summer 2016:
The Superintendents of Our Schools by William Offutt. Vignettes of the 22 men who have held
the most powerful non-elected position in Montgomery County, from 1860 to 2016.


62-2 Winter 2020:
Gibbs v. Broome: Rockville’s Place on the Road to Brown v. Board of Education by Sharyn R. Duffin and Alonzo N. Smith. Covers an early NAACP lawsuit intended to break down Jim Crow
education. The legal campaign to equalize pay for all teachers was led by attorney Thurgood
Marshall and William B. Gibbs, Jr., a courageous local teacher and civil rights advocate.


63-1 Summer 2020:
At the Hands of Parties Unknown: The 1880 Lynchings in Montgomery County, by Sarah
Hedlund. Featuring the history of the two 1880 lynchings in Montgomery County: George Peck
and John Diggs-Dorsey.



To Order Physical Copies of Current or Past Issues:

Printed copies of the Montgomery County Story may be purchased in the Museum Shop, or ordered by phone, mail or email.  Issues dated prior to 2010 are $3 per issue. Starting in fall 2010, issues are $5 each (double sized/color). Shipping is $1.50 for the first issue plus .50 for each additional issue in the same order.