The Lynching of Sidney Randolph: Original Documents


Montgomery County Circuit Court Papers box: Maryland State Archives, Annapolis.

Research on the lynching of Sidney Randolph has involved the consultation of many primary source documents, including court records, ledgers, minute books, vital records, and other archival resources. These have been sourced from multiple repositories, including the Jane C. Sween Research Library and Special Collections in Rockville, MD; the Maryland State Archives in Annapolis, MD; and the Library of Congress’s Manuscripts Division, District of Columbia Archives, and the National Archives and Records Administration, all in Washington, DC. 


Linked here are reference copies of several original documents used in the study of this case. It is not possible to reproduce all documents consulted during this research; therefore, this is merely a small representation of supporting materials. In some cases, images are not professional-quality scans. They are provided for reference only and the documents themselves remain in the custody of the credited institution. Relevant links to the original source institution’s catalog records are found within the citation heading (first indent); links to viewable PDFs of documents are found within the title of the document (second indent).




Maryland State Archives (Annapolis, MD)


Montgomery County Circuit Court Records 

T-413 (Minutes):

Grand Jury members, November Term 1896

T-414 (Court Papers)

Grand Jury Roll, November Term 1896

List of Witnesses, November Term 1896 (excerpt: witnesses 240-259)

Witness Summons, November Term 1896 (excerpt: witnesses 250-257)

Report of the Grand Jury, November Term 1896 (excerpt: finding on Sidney Randolph)

Montgomery County District Court Records (District Court 6 MO)

T-2488-6 (Docket) Cortice B. Baughman, 1896-1899 

Arrests and inquest in connection with Buxton family assault, May-June, 1896 (Cover/index pages plus pages 101-107)

Baltimore City Police Department

C3065-51 (Criminal Docket, Consolidated):

Arrest record for Sidney Randolph and George Neal (Central District Station), May 25, 1896 (two pages across)

Maryland State Penitentiary

S-270-11 (Commitments):

Court Sentencing Order for George Neal (Prisoner #11579), June 1887

S-275-4 (Prisoner Record):

Prisoner Record of Inmate George Neal (Prisoner #11579), 1887-1895 (two pages across)

Maryland House of Correction

S-254 (Prisoners Record, Index)

Excerpt: Inmate #4230, George Williams, alias George Neal 

S-253-2 (Prisoners Record)

Excerpt: Inmate #4230, George Williams, alias George Neal (two pages across)



District of Columbia Archives (Washington, DC)



Death Certificates (1874-1945)

Sadie Buxton (Record #10876), June 5, 1896




Jane C. Sween Research Library and Special Collections (Rockville, MD)




St. Rose of Lima Catholic Church Records (SC-CH-00013)

Baptisms, Communions, and Confirmations, 1857-1908:

Baptism of William George Neal (1869), pg. 3


Duvall Family Account Books (SC-F-00007)

Charles F. Duvall: Cash Book (Ledger 12), 1896-1898

Excerpt (cash out entries): Entry for donation to Buxton Family, May 26, 1896

Excerpt (income/expense balance): Entry for donation to Buxton family assault, May 26, 1896


Montgomery House Hotel Register (SC-LE-00033)

Witnesses and Judges lodging for the June Term of Court, 1887 (excerpt: June 5-13, 1887)